Black orchid Betta is among the most popular and amazing pets in the world. When you are alone, definitely Betta fish is a good friend for you. They are one member of the Betta family and have the power to color your environment as well as your heart.
What is a Black Orchid Betta?
Black orchid Betta fish is a magical fish with large and beautiful flowing fins. Betta is one of the popular aquarium fish in the world due to its mind-blowing varied and vibrant colors and diverse morphology.
Betta’s scientific name is Betta splendens and they are a very good addition to your fish tanks.
Black orchid Betta is species among 73 species of Betta fish. they are dark black and forms a butterfly pattern with streaks of iridescent steel blue stripes on the fins.
Most of these species have a reddish tinge and their color is even more intense and it helps to improve their stunning look. These fish live in fresh water and they belong to the Osphronemidae family.
With proper care, a Black orchid Betta fish can live up to three years. Bettas can breathe through their labyrinth organ, allowing fish to breathe from the surface. The minimum tank size is 1/4 gallon.
Black orchid Betta as an aquarium pet
In the late 19th century Betta Splendens first entered the Western aquarium trade, but the earliest arrival was in 1874 in France. French aquarium expert and ichthyologist Pierre Carbonnier was begun to breeding and importing species.
In 1896 the German tropical fish expert Paul Matte brought the first specimens from Moscow to Germany. An article written by British-born zoologist Edgar Ravens-wood Waite and published by the Australian Museum in Sydney provided evidence that fighting fish were also present in Australia by 1904.
In 1967, the International Betta Congress (IBC) was formed by a group of betta breeders. The objective of IBC is to breed varieties of betta which are healthier and more symmetrical in fin and body shape, with an emphasis on animal welfare.
Read more Best Water For Betta Fish | Full Guide
Different types of Black Betta
Betta fish have a variety of beautiful rainbow body color. Therefore, it is nothing to be surprised about black color Bettas.
Black Melano Bettas
Black Melano Betta is the most famous type of Black Betta. In Black Melano Bettas, a mutated gene significantly increases the black pigment density and coverage area. In appearance, Black Melano Betta is a very dark blackfish. Sometimes Black Melano Betta’s coloration is so dense and it seems like the blue-black color of a raven’s wing.
The mutated gene that is increased the black color is recessive to the normal black gene. This means that if you cross the Melano Betta with a normal Betta that does not have a mutated black gene, all spawns will be multi-colored.
Those offspring will carry the melanium gene, but it is not visible in their coloration. These spawns, “melano genus”, are unable to distinguish from the common multicolored Betta .
The recessive characteristics will become visible only if both parents of the spawn pass on the mutated gene to their offspring.
The Melanophore Bettas produced by melanoma are very different from what you see in wild and Black Lace Betta.
Those Melanophores Bettas accumulate and become very sticky, because of this they become so dense black coloration. A high degree of speckles is spread all over the fins of this Betta.
Because of these speckles, the fish takes on a darker color. Actually, these are the “balls” of the melanophore. information from early studies taught us that, these fish contain extra adhesion proteins in there body.
Black Lace Betta
Black Lace Betta has darker colors. However, their color is rarely close to the intensity and depth found in Melano Black Betta. Many Black Lace Betta fish have too much iridescence on fins and it adds extra beauty to them.
The ends of Black Lace Betta fish’s fins should be cellophane or clear in color. Fins have a lacy appearance due to this coloration, and that’s how this beautiful fish is named Black Lace Betta.
Some people misunderstand Black Lace Betta as Melano Butterfly Betta. Because the Butterfly Betta’s fins also may fade to smoke or clear.
However, Butterfly Betta has blue-black or very dark black body color but Black Lace Betta is not like that.
Black Orchid Betta
The coloration of the Black orchid Betta, species is not a marble-based black color but is more of a melano type.
This species has large amounts of steel iridescence, especially on their fins. The tag, describes any fish from Half Moon to Plakat that have similar coloration in any different form.
However, this Black orchid Betta is almost always derived from marble. Unlike royal blue betta, the Black Orchid Betta’s fins are dark black color with steel blue stripes, usually forming a pattern like a butterfly.
The iridescence of this is not limited to its fins. Most Black Orchid Bettas develop a red wash, which is another indicator of the influence of the marble gene.
Black Devil Betta
The increase in red color gave rise to a new type of Black Betta called the Black Devil, which is represented as a marble type black. And their fins are red, red color has appeared in their fins than iridescence.
Black Ice Betta
Black Ice Betta is one type of black and it is derived from and appears in marble spawns. Black Ice varies in intensity from other species. it has an iridescence appearance on the body and fins.
The iridescence in Black Ice Betta fish can be green, royal, or steel color. Over time, the percentage of Black Ice offspring from selectively bred Black Ice spawns has increased, but this species is not yet truly breeding.
Copper-Based Black Betta
Black Copper Betta is hybrid species of female black melanoma and copper Betta and they generate offspring that have a mix of deep black and metallic coloration in scales.
Crowntail Black Orchid Betta
Black Orchid Crowntail Betta is the one of popular variations of this type of Betta and as the name explained, male Crowntail Betta has long caudal fins with large extensions that can reach up to eight inches in diameter, about three times the size of a fish’s body.
Crowntail Betta has long spikey crown shape fins. That is how this species has taken this name. These fish are really attractive when their crown combined with the attractive colors of the fish.
Same as other betta species female betta does not have colorful fins as a male betta.
Halfmoon Orchid betta
This fish has a beautiful, large tail that takes the shape of a half-circle and it looks like a half-moon.
Even though these species are highly bred in captivity, you will not find them in the wild.
Betta is commonly bred among experts to exhibit at Betta shows. It may be a bit challenging to breed them. They have more aggressive behavior.
Half Moon Plakat (HMPK)
The Plakat or Plakad Black orchid Betta is one of the short-tailed Bettas that is more closely akin to wild betta species or traditional fighting Bettas.
Male Palket Betta has elongated ventral fins, a rounded caudal fin, and a sharply pointed anal fin.
The term Palkat is often abbreviated as “PK”. There are 3 subcategories of this type of tail. The traditional Palkat tail is rounded, sometimes it is with a point.
There is a Half Moon Plakat (or “HMPK”) due to selective breeding and cross-breeding where the tail has a 180-degree spread when flared.
How Fast they Grow
Even though black orchid betta are considered to be fully developed after about 7 months of age , they can grow large depending on their environment and care. these fish is 2.25 inches (5.7 cm) long when fully grown.
A Betta fish can grow as large as 3 inches (7.6 cm) in length on occasion and under the right conditions. If you bought black orchid betta at a pet store, they are usually 6 months to 1 year old.
These Bettas may already be close to their maximum size and have fully developed their beautiful long fins. If purchased from a breeder or if it is another Betta species (e.g. wild) the age, and size may vary.
How big they can grow?
Normally Black Orchid Betta is 2.25 inches (5.7 cm) long when fully grown. A Betta fish can grow as large as 3 inches (7.6 cm) in length on occasion and under the right conditions.
How large your Betta is ultimately depended on its age and how well it is cared for.
Males have larger fins than female bettas, however, in adulthood, their bodies are about the same size (average length).
Male fish fins make them look bigger and longer. Male fish also have thicker bodies than female fish.
life expactancy of Black orchid Betta
Most Black Orchid Bettas will live for 3-5 years, but normally you are unknown how old they will be when you adopt them.
Some will live longer than this age rate, while others will die at a young age no matter what you do.
Unfortunately, a pet that is any species you have, some will not set up to make it until old age.
If your Betta has exceeded the 1.5-2-year limit, we consider them “geriatric”.
However, you can celebrate their longevity by keeping their environment at a high level.
If you are following the below tips, it allows your Betta to live a long and happy life.
• Build lots of rest spots for them
• Feed them well by good quality diet
• Make sure your filter flow does not push them too much.
• Maintain not only good water condition by regular water changing but also a good environment
How to care for them
As long as you provide the right water conditions, proper water exchange and the right diet, caring for this fish is fairly simple.
Standard Tank Size
Many inexperienced people assume that the best size is a Betta vase or similar container for one of Black Orchid Betta fish. But in wild, Bettas need at least around three feet to live.
So, ideally, tank kept black bettas should live in an aquarium of at least five gallons. The tank should be long, not tall.
This is because Betta is a surface feeder, and also, they need to get air regularly. Therefore, be sure to leave at least an inch of space between the surface of the water and the tank cover slides so that your Betta fish can get surface air when they need it.
A shallow tank is best for the Betta because the fish do not have long distances to swim to reach the top and also it reduces the harm that can occur to their large and flowing fins.
A well-fitting lid is important to your tank because they can and do the jump. Especially if the Betta is pursued by an aggressive tankmate. Also, the light you choose for your Betta tank should be slightly brighter.
Recommended Water Quality
Black Orchid Betta fish prefer water with a neutral pH level between 6.5 and 7.5, therefore be sure to check the pH level of the water in the tank every week.
in wild, Bettas can live in stagnant water in their wild environment. But your aquarium must have an efficient filtration system. A filtration system helps to remove organic waste and remove uneaten food from the tank. And it helps to keep nitrate levels low and maintain a healthy environment for Black O Betta fish.
Black Orchid Bettas Breeding
Normally Bettas are a type of fish that can spawn readily. When your male fish build company with female fish, it causes to encourage natural breeding behavior.
The bubble nests are built by male Black Orchid Bettas, which are usually located inside the caves and underneath some leaves near the surface of the water.
You can distinguish easily when male and female Bettas ready to mate.
After the chasing ritual, the female fish laying eggs, the male Betta carefully collects them and place them in the bubble nest. After few days tiny fry will come from eggs.
How to feed
Wild Betta is omnivores and they feed on vegetation, insect larvae, and insects that landing on water surfaces. Black Orchid Betta can become a picky eater in captivity.
Especially when they come to their new home. Encourage your beta to eat by giving him a variety of live and frozen foods such as bloodworms, mosquito larvae, and daphnia.
When providing frozen foods, keep in mind to soak the food in a little tank of water before giving it to your Betta.
Always get live food from a reputable fish store, and never use anything you get from the environment.
Because things that collect from the environment may contain parasites or bacteria that can damage your fish.
How much to feed a Black Orchid Betta?
Most adult fish eat dry foods in the form of pellets or flakes same as baby bettas. However, you should check if the protein content of the food is at least 40% meat-based.
overfeeding your fish can cause swelling, swimming bladder problems, and constipation and the stress caused by these conditions can be fatal to your fish.
It is best to feed your Betta once or twice a day, giving him enough food to keep him busy for a minute or more. Betta’s stomach is about the size of his eye, so you can see how easy it is to overfeed your fish.
How they felt sleep?
Betta fish, like all animals, must sleep to stay alive. Betta fish sleep in different places and positions.
Some are sleeping in nestle where located among the gravel of the tank and some are finding hidden places within ornaments in the aquarium.
Some betta fish can squeeze between the filter and the tank. Some fish float around at the top.
Betta fish like to use shadow cast or holes within the aquarium ornaments to sleep.
They always find a safe place to sleep. Betta fish sleep at night and they have a few rests throughout the day. Fortunately, their sleep patterns are very similar to the sleep patterns of humans.
How do I keep my Black Orchid Betta fish healthy?
To keep your fish healthy, you need to pay attention to few things.
• What to feed your Black Orchid Betta
Your Black Betta needs a healthy and consistent diet to be colorful and healthy.
If you want to feed them, their diet may include frozen and dried foods.
They can feed on brine shrimp or blood worms. These fish are very small but active therefore, they can often eat more than they can eat.
Because pay attention to avoid overfeeding. Normally, feed your Betta once or twice a day.
• When should the water in the tank be changed?
There are two ways to change the water. The first one is partial water changes and another one is total water changes.
If you keep your Betta in an unfiltered small bowl, you should change the water 30-50% every week.
If your betta lives in a filtered tank, you may need to change about 20% of your water per week.
• How to maintain the tank?
The cornerstone of any successful aquarium is the stable water parameters.
You need to make sure they are all in the right range (always). Because unstable parameters cause to lead your Black Bettas to sickness.
Because of that, you should measure water parameters every few weeks. Another important aspect of maintenance is changing the water.
• How to choose the best tank mates for Black Orchid Betta.
Very often Betta male animals are aggressive and they tend to fight. Because it is recommended to keep one male fish in the tank. You can keep two female fish with one male fish.
Fish with large flowing tails, like guppies, should be avoided. Other fish to avoid are Oscar, parrotfish, killifish, or Acaras.
Compatible fish are Poecilia, Black Tetras, Bloodfin Tetras, Catfish, Croaking Gourami, and Rasboras.
Keeping Tips Summary
• Tank conditions
Ideally, the Black Betta in the tank should live in an aquarium of at least five gallons. The tank should be long, not tall.
your aquarium must have an efficient filtration system. A filtration system helps to remove organic waste and remove uneaten food from the tank. That will help to maintain good water quality in the yank.
Bettas are highly susceptible to heat shock, so it is important that the aquarium temperature does not fall below 690 Fahrenheit and should always be between 780 and 800 Fahrenheit.
• Water quality
fighting fish prefer water with a neutral pH level between 6.5 and 7.5, therefore be sure to check the pH level of the water in the tank every week.
• Decoration and toys
Bettas in a well-planted tank are active and there are plenty of hidden places where fish can retreat if they feel threatened.
Also, the Black Beta likes to rest from time to time; dragging such a luxurious slim tail all day long is a daunting task! If you include flat-leafed plants in your tank, your Betta will happily stay on that leaf.
Give your Betta fish a few toys and he will be interested and he will be active and entertaining, especially if you decide to keep your Black Betta alone.
Very often Betta males are aggressive and they tend to fight. Because it is recommended not to keep in community tank. Fish with large flowing tails, like guppies, should be avoided. Other fish to avoid are Oscar, parrotfish, killifish, or Acaras. Compatible fish are Poecilia, Black Tetras, Bloodfin Tetras, Catfish, Croaking Gourami, and Rasboras.
Your Black Betta needs a healthy and consistent diet to be colorful and healthy.
If you want to feed them, their diet may include frozen and dried foods. They can feed on brine shrimp or blood worms. These fish are very small but active therefore, they can often eat more than they can eat.
Because pay attention to avoid overfeeding. Normally, feed your Betta once or twice a day.
How much do Betta fish cost?
Beta fish prices for the best and most valuable coloration and models vary from a few dollars to thousands. One gold Betta once sold for $ 1,000, and more recently at a multi-colored fish auction for over $ 1500.
History and origin
Black orchid Betta as a fighting fish
Some people in Thailand and Malaysia have been collecting wild Betta since at least the 19th century, observing their aggressive nature and fighting against each other in gambling games similar to cockfighting.
The popularity of these battles caught the attention of King Rama III of Thailand. He had taken steps to regulate the match and levied taxes.
Also, he collected his fish to the matches. In 1840 he gave some of his precious fish to Theodore Edward Cantor, a Danish physician who had served in the Bengali medical service.
Nine years later, for the first time, Cantor published the first recorded article describing these fish and named them Macropodus pugnax. In 1909,
the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan discovered that there was a related species already namely Macropodus pugnax, hence the domesticated Siamese fighting fish was renamed as Betta splendens or “Great Fighter”.
In the wild, Betta competes with other freshwater fish for only a few minutes before one fish retreat.
But specially domesticated Betta bred for heightened aggression.
The winners are determined as the fish who like to continue the fighting and when a fish retreats, the game is over.
Fighting to the death was rare, because of this the bets were replaced on the bravery of fish rather than survival.
Why is my Betta turning black?
The color of your Betta can fade due to stress, old age, injuries, and illness. If your Betta turns black, you should not worry too much if it does not show other symptoms. Strips, anchor worms, ichthyosis, stress, and fin rot will turn your Betta white.
Are black lights bad for Betta fish?
Black light will not do much for the Betta. It is better than a normal tank light for your fish. The light you choose for your Betta tank should be slightly brighter, as these fish live in shallow water and tend to spend more time in the higher areas of the habitat.
What is the rarest color of betta fish?
The rarest color of all is the Purple Betta and the real purple Betta is almost unheard of. True purple Betta has a deep purple color, including fins.
Are Black Orchid Bettas Aggressive?
Very often male Bettas are aggressive and they tend to fight each other. Because it is recommended to keep one male fish in the tank. You can keep two female fish with one male fish.
Do they jump out of the tank?
Yes. Black orchid Betta can jump, especially if chased by an aggressive tank mate. Because your tank should have a lid that fits well.
Are there Black Betta fish?
Yes. There are several types of Black Betta such as Black Orchid, Black Ice, Black Melano, Black Lace, and the Black Devil. The intensity and depth of the black vary among variants, and some are covered in blue, green, and steel with a grayish tinge.
Is Black Orchid Betta rare?
No, a they are not “rare”. You can buy high-quality Black Betta from breeders and aquariums.
The personality of betta fish
The male Black Betta fish makes a great stunning addition to the tank.
Each of these beautiful little Betta fish has its personality. They are friendly and curious. Some prefer to lift your hand out of the water to swim or hit. Bettas also tend to be more aggressive as they mature.