There are many betta types in the world and the Alien betta fish or Betta smaragdina consider as one important betta type among them. The Alien bettas are the hybrid version of the beta fish. There is not many recordings about their captive-bred status and it considers as a cross-breeding of the Imbellis and Mahachai and other natural species of the bettas.
Alien bettas are not pure wild betta, so it should not be considered or advertise as wild bettas.
Alien betta fish traits have full facial masks, webbing on the caudal fin and widespread iridescent pattern. There are several types of alien betta varieties such as; hybrid grey alien betta and Alien Betta Blue Hybrid.
When thinking of the Alien bettas, it is known for its less aggressive nature. They need a good quality environment in the Aquarium to maintain good quality betta fish.
What are the features of the Alien bettas?
The Alien betta fish is the average size fish that comes in a different size. Most of the A.betta fish is two to two and half an inch long. It is found in different colors.
good quality betta fish lives around four years. If we talk about the care, it requires keeping the Alien betta fish healthy, and we do not have to put much effort into keeping the fish in good condition.
The Alien betta leaves longer without needing special preparation.
The A.betta fish is mostly found in the Swamps, small ponds, and paddles in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand.
You should provide them sufficient space to roam around in the tank to freely swim and enjoy the environment. It is recommended to have at least 10 gallons of water per Alien betta fish.
This betta is a freshwater fish that can be kept in brackish water mixed with mud.
Water temperature should be moderate as Alien betta will develop a high level of stress if the water is too cold or too hot.
Keep the water temperature between 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you want to keep the other fish in the same tank, keep only peaceful fish such as Betta Imbellis. Alien betta is the carnivorous fish.
Colors of Allien betta fish
There are two major colorations of these fish
- Hybrid grey alien betta
This alien betta fish hybrid grey variety is silver to grey in color with black dot/stripes and red touch in the caudal fin. They are very beautiful to look at with their beautiful fins.
- Alien Betta Blue Hybrid
They are sometimes known as Royal blue betta. This variety has deep blue color all over the body. All the fins have black color stripes and the caudal fin has a red color margin.
How to prepare the Alien betta Aquarium?
Like every other fighting fish in the Aquarium, the Alien betta fish would also require a perfect environment to thrive. Water in the tank needs to be in the A.betta proper condition to enjoy the atmosphere. If the water condition is not good, the Alien betta will develop a high level of stress.
Here is the Alien betta fish care guide that would help you to keep your fish happy.
1) Water parameters:
The first thing that you need to manage is the water condition. The most of the health problem occurs if the water condition in the Aquarium is not good.
Use the proper filtration equipment to remove the waste product from tanks.
water changes are important in maintaining a betta tank. You should change the small portion of the water every week and add the freshwater to the tanks.
Every time you see the water is getting dirty or changing its color, it is a sign of the water’s dirt. Clean your filter and see if that makes any difference in cleaning the water.
If that doesn’t work, you should clean the entire Aquarium before it becomes a fish problem.
Since Alien betta fish is a wild betta fish hybrid they are very sensitive to water temperature.
The water consumes the temperature from the surrounding environment. The location where the day temperature rises to the normal condition would impact the water in the tanks.
Use the water temperature measurement equipment. You can buy custom-made temperature measurement equipment from the aquarium stores.
The unique design aquarium temperature would have a proper indication of the current temperature condition in the water.
It is vital to track the temperature to keep the Alien betta in excellent health.
Also, the water temperature that goes down from the natural condition even lethal for the fish.
You can observe the change in the behavior when there is a sudden temperature change in the water.
An alien betta fish will stop eating the food if they detect the temperature change.
When there is a rise in the tank’s temperature, replace some part of the water with cold water and perform a similar activity vise versa.
3) Food types:
Alien betta fish same as other fighting fish is carnivorous fish that loves live food like; blood-red warms, black warms, and shrimp, etc.
You can use dry fish food as well that contains natural ingredients. The A.betta must be feed with the right type of food.
It requires a fair amount of calories to survive throughout the day. Mixing the food with a different available choice would make the Alien betta calm the whole day.
Let them develop the habit of all kinds of food found in the store.
When there is no regular food left, the Alien betta will not eat the different food. It would create trouble for you and develop health problems.
Nutritional food helps the Alien betta fish to develop good health practice. Also, when they are full, they enjoy the atmosphere in the tank.
You will see them freely swimming in the water, making the tank look beautiful.
4) Space in the tank:
The fins could become more significant than the actual size of the Alien betta fish.
The fins are delicate, and they easily break when it comes into contact with the decoratives that are kept in the Aquarium.
Alien betta needs sufficient space in the Aquarium to swim. if you place too many decorations, plants, and other equipment in the small size tank It may restrict them from moving around the tank. The A.betta would find it difficult to swim in the small space.
Also, if the Alien betta’s fins get stuck in the decoratives, they will be destroyed. The fish would look awful without the fins.
You may not like the Alien betta with the broken fins or the no fins at all.
Also, something the skin damage due to the decoratives would make Alien betta ill. If you do not take of them on time, they will die due to injuries.
5) Tank mates:
The Alien betta would love to stay in the group. When the fish find there are other fish in the tank, they find it comfortable.
If you keep Alien betta alone in the tank, they will always be in alert mode due to their natural tendency to stay awake to avoid any danger.
If they find it challenging to remain calm in the tank, it may seemingly develop a high-stress level.
An A.betta would try to hide behind the decoratives or the filter. It will make the Aquarium look empty as there will be no fish in the tank.
You should find a companion for your Alien betta. If possible, keep 4 to 5 fish together so the betta would find its natural habitat, and they will be happy to share the water.
The appearance of the alien betta and how to manage them?
The alien betta typically grows up to two inches. They are found in a wide variety of colors. The most attractive part of the alien betta is the large-size fins that look magical.
In the right lightning condition, the alien betta fins look beautiful. Usually, the skin color of the betta is black or dark brown bodies.
The brighter fins of the alien betta emit blue, red, and green colors. Some bright red alien betta looks fantastic in the aquarium tank.
Males are more colorful than females, and also, they are larger than the female alien betta. The rounded shape of the fish with the long tail makes the A.betta look bigger.
If you cut the fins, you will notice that the alien betta’s actual size is relatively small. They look large only because of the widespread fins.
Differences between wild betta and Alien betta
Alien betta or Betta smaragdina is considered as a hybrid of wild betta fish. There is a suggestion that betta is a cross of Betta imbellis and Betta mahachaiensis. Although they are genetically similar to wild betta they cannot consider as wild betta type.
There is not much difference between wild betta and alien betta. But most betta enthusiasts consider A.betta is less aggressive betta variety than wild betta fish.
How many years alien betta live?
Alien betta lives around four years. The lifespan can be a little extended when they are kept in good care and offered high-quality food. A nutritious diet helps the alien betta develop a robust immune system that protects them from diseases and virus attacks.
On a special note, in low-quality water conditions, they can survive for days. But you should keep your betta fish in low-quality water for much longer. Otherwise, that can be lethal for them.
You can arrange the food for them which will keep them full all the time and good water conditions.
What are the habitat, tank size, and requirements of the Alien betta fish?
When you have a single or pair of the Alien betta in your Aquarium, you would require 10 gallons of the Aquarium to provide adequate space for them to live peacefully. Housing more fish in the small tank would make them find an intimate environment, and there will be not sufficient space for each Alien betta to swim around.
You have to extend the size of your Aquarium to give them room for the swim. The immediate environment also develops anxiety in the Alien betta.
You should be prepared to have a large tank if you want to house more fish in your Aquarium.
The 30 gallons of the Aquarium is recommended if you’re going to put more fish in the tank.
Can Alien betta fish go in tap water?
Tap water pH range lies between 6.5 – 7.5 which considered a neutral range for betta fish. wild bettas also prefer this neutral range of pH.
Furthermore, tap water’s trace mineral content is high and mineral content is very important for the growth of betta fish.
Not only that, you can easily change the temperature of your aquarium water (tap water) using a heater or cooler according to your preference.
If you think, the tap water contains excess chlorin amount, you can always check that with the nearby aquarium. They have test kits to check the chlorine level in the water.
Most importantly, you do not have to spend an extra amount of money to collect the water for your aquarium.
Temperature for alien betta fish
The Alien betta is too picky about the water condition in the Aquarium. Starting from the temperature, the water condition is a crucial part of the Alien betta behavior.
The high temperature of the water, increase ammonia due to waste products, less nutritional food are some of the factors that make Alien betta stressed.
However, the Alien betta can live in brackish water, but it is recommended to keep them freshwater.
Additionally, the water temperature in the Aquarium must range between 70 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit.
The temperature should be constant. The sudden change in the water temperature may fear the fish, and they will try to react absurdly.
Do Alien Bettas like light?
All betta fish including wild betta and alien betta require light during half of the day.
Do Bettas like the sun?
Betta is a tropical fish, therefore their likeness for sunlight came from their genes. If it is possible to provide sunlight to your tank, it has a great many uses other than keeping your betta fish happy.
sunlight provides free 12 hours light supply for your aquarium, which improves the growth of the plant in the aquarium. you can place your aquarium close to a window and let the natural process take its course and save you money from expensive light as well as electricity bills. Due to better lighting, your aquarium plant will thrive well and give enough oxygen to your betta tank.
It is important to mention, providing sunlight will not damage your alien betta fish eyes. These fish naturally adapt to tolerate sunlight and they can survive by changing their eye according to the sunrise and dawn.
Alien betta can adjust to artificial light very easily, but it is always easy for them to grow with natural light. If you use artificial light give them some time (around 30 minutes ) to adjust, before turning lights on.
Are LED lights bad for betta fish?
If you have access to sunlight there is no problem with lighting as we discussed earlier. But if you can not access enough sunlight, you have to provide artificial light to your betta fish tank.
LED is the best solution to your tank. some larger and more professional aquariums use UVB lights. But LED is more than enough for your standard size planted aquarium.
To mimic natural light, the LED light should be white in color. As you may know, betta fish need light only for 12 hours. Therefore you can use a blue LED for the night, or turn off the light at night. Betta fish prefer a completely dark environment for half of the day.
Do they like planted aquariums?
The Alien bettas are generally found in densely planted areas. It would help if you tried to mimic the tank’s atmosphere to make them feel at home.
Put some naturally found water plants in the tank.
Ensure that you are not using the ground plant in the water, as these plants’ leaves would react to the water and may rot in, sometimes producing the chemicals in the water.
Use only water plant that suits the aquarium water. Providing plenty of plants in the tank would make them feel comfortable.
Fish look for a hiding place when they fear something. The non-availability of the hiding place may stress them out.
The aquarium plant would help them hide when they want and stay calm.
Build the small caves made of stones, put rocks, or add decoratives toys.
You have to ensure that the Alien betta gets plenty of plants, natural hiding space to live, and sufficient space to swim.
Fulfill these three requirements, and your Alien betta would find the Aquarium perfect for living.
If you have pairs in the tank, the female may require hiding space to stay from the male Alien betta.
The male Alien betta sometimes becomes aggressive when they want to mate.
Allien betta breeding
Tank setup for breeding
You need at least two tanks if you are willing to start breeding Alien betta. One tank is a permanent resident tank and breeding tank.
As we discussed the resident tank before in this article, here I am going to talk about how to set up a breeding tank for Alen betta.
As a norm use a peaceful, quiet area to set up your betta breeding tank.
After you have chosen your location, move your tank there and fill 3 – 5 inches of water. Then check the water temperature. It should be around 78 F. if the temperature not close to the expected number use heater or cooler to maintain the temperature.
Although some people use filters, my advice is not to use one. Because the flow created by the filter will disturb the bubble net.
Breeding tanks do not need a bottom substrate, keep it bare.
You must add some plants and hiding places in the breeding tank. Planets and hiding places will give plenty of hiding places for the female animals to hid during the mating act. Also, the floating plant gives a good surface for the bubble nest made by the Alien betta fish.
Select your pair
This choice is entirely up to you. You have to decide what type and color of fish you need.
Apart from color, you have considered their,
- Age: best between age 4 – 12 months,
- Health: free from parasite, without fin damages, active, without fungus infections
- Size: male should be larger than female
Before introducing your pair, you should condition the fish for at least two weeks, the longer the better. You can feed them with a high protein diet like bloodworm, daphnia, chopped meat, small insects, or frozen substitute. Let them store energy for the breeding act. Otherwise, they may not have enough energy to produce eggs or take care of their young.
At end of the conditioning period, you can introduce the female to the breeding tank In two ways. Those are using a divider or using a sea through the container.
Let the female adjust to the environment. Do not rush the process. Every step should be slow and careful.
Now you may see the male fish start to swim around and flare his fin. Also, his body color changes into a darker shade. This is a good sign. That means he is interested.
You also have to check the reaction of female fish. If her color turns to a darker color and displays vertical stripes that indicate her interest in the male fish. Also, a small white tube protruded from behind the ventral fish. It is called as her ovipositor.
Usually, after this introduction within 24 hours males start to build the bubble nest. He makes this nest using air-filled bubbles produce by itself and bound these bubbles with its own saliva.
after the nest is made, release the female into the breeding tank carefully. You should stay and watch the process cautiously.
Then the female approach the nest and she will inspect the structure. If she likes it, she won’t do anything to it. But if she does not like it, she will destroy the nest. If that happens, immediately remove the female from the tank. Keep her away for an hour and introduce her again. If she destroys the nest again you should consider introducing another female for the process.
If all goes well, they start swim side by side by flaring their fins. When a female ready to spawn she normally swims toward the nest.
Then start the mating dance. In this special step, the male turns the female upside down and wraps himself around her, and squeezes. This squeeze will increase the likelihood of fertilization as their vets place close together.
This embrace can happen while they are floating or while sinking to the bottom. After one squeeze male releases the female for a few moments and embraces her again. This mating act can last from a minute to hours.
Then the male release female and start to gather all eggs and float them up to the nest. Sometimes females help to send eggs to the nest but sometimes they start to eat eggs. Thus it is important to remove the female once the dance is over.
When the female has finished laying the egg male releases the milt into the tank for fertilization.
Over the next few days, male alien betta will take care of the eggs inside the nest by repairing the bubble nest and placing the falling egg in a new bubble.
After 2-3 days eggs start to hatch and fry began to fall from the bubble. The male will place the fry in the bubble again and provide oxygen inside the bubble for respiration. Once they are able to swim horizontally they leave the bubble and start to swim in the tank by the 4th day.
Once fries are old enough to swim up and down you should remove male fish from the tank and place him in his resident tank.
Credits to Betta Insight
How can I tell if my Alien Betta is happy or sad?
If you carefully look at your fish you can easily say your fish is happy or sad. These happy or sad behavior indicate their good or bad health status. you can use these signs as a guide
happy or healthy fish show these signs
- They are colorful and colors are always bright.
- They have a good appetite and eat the food you gave
- They are very active and swim around the tank freely
- They most of the time kept their fins open
- Always swim around in the open spaces in the tank
Sad or unhealthy fish show these signs
- faded skin-color
- Avoid food or uneaten food in the tank
- Fins kept close
- Always try to hide